All about Registration of Births and Deaths in India

Patent laws in India


Registration of Births & Deaths is compulsory as per provisions of registration of Births & Deaths Act, 1969. In India it is mandatory under the law as per the Registration of Births & Deaths Act, 1969 to register every birth/stillbirth and death with the concerned state/UT Government within 21 days of its occurrence. The Government accordingly has provided for well-defined system for registration of Birth, with the Registrar General at the centre and the Chief registrars in the States, running through district registrars to the village and town registrars at the periphery.

Benefits of Registration

  1. a.       Main Benefit of registration of birth are:
    1. Admission to schools
    2. Right to vote
    3. Obtaining Driving License, Passport etc.
    4. For Employment
    5. For Obtaining Visa for Foreign visits
    6. Claiming the right to marry after attaining marriageable age


  1. b.      Advantage of registration Death:


  1. To prove the time and date of death
  2. To establish the fact of death for relieving the individual from social, legal and official obligations.
  3. To establish the claim on property
  4. To enable settlement of property inheritance, and
  5. To authorize the family to collect insurance and other benefits.

Persons/Agencies responsible for reporting of birth/death to the registration agency

If birth and death has taken place in Government hospitals/private hospitals/nursing homes/medical institutions, such births/deaths are to be reported by the institutions within 21 days of births & deaths to the concerned Registrars (births & deaths).

If birth and death has taken place at home, it is the responsible of the head of the family/any other family member to report such births and deaths within 21 days to the sub Registrars (births & deaths).

Time frame for reporting of events for registration

All births/deaths that have occurred either in a home or a hospital otherwise shall be reported within 21 days of their occurrence to the concerned Registrar/Sub Registrar in whose jurisdiction the event has occurred.

Place of Registration

Birth/Death can be registered at the place of occurrence only.


Obtaining of birth/death certificate

Birth or death certificate can be obtained after the registration by the submitting an application on plain paper to the concerned area registrar/Sub-Registrar giving following details:

Date of Birth/Death

Sex i.e. Male or Female

Place of Birth/Death

Father’s Name

Mother’s Name

Name of hospital/nursing home/medical institutions

Residential address in case of domicialry birth/death

The office of chief registrar (B&D) does not issue any birth & death certificate but issue certified copy of English translated birth & death certificates.

Delayed Registration

Reporting of birth/death for registration after 21 days of occurrence comes under the category of late registration.

Birth and death reported after 21 days but within 30 days of its occurrence can be registered on payment of Rs 2/- as late fee.

Birth and death reported after one month but within one year of its occurrence can be registered only with the written permission of the Registrar on Payment of Rs. 5/-

Birth & death reported after one year of its occurrence can be registered on an order made by the area Magistrate i.e. SDM or the first class Magistrate or a Presidency Magistrate and on payment of Rs 10/- as late fee.

Translation of Birth and Death Certificates

Certified copy of English translation of Birth or Death Certificates obtained from the office of Chief Registrar (Births & Deaths) on submission of original certificate issued in other languages.

Entering of name in Birth Certificate

Name of the child can be entered in the Birth record free of cost within one year occurrence of births either orally or in writing. After one year, but within a period of 15 years (w.e.f. 1.1.2000 as per provisions of DRBD Rules 1999), name can be got entered on payment of Rs 5/- as late fee.