[Act No. 23 OF 1957]
[29th August, 1957]
An Act to provide for the constitution and regulation of a Force called the Railway Protection Force for the better protection and security of railway property.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Eighth Year of the Republic of India as follows.
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Railway Protection Force Act, 1957.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
Section 2. Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “Force” means the Railway Protection Force constituted under section 3;
(b) “Inspector-General” means the Inspector-General of the Force appointed under section 4;
(c) “Member of the Force” means a person appointed to the Force under this Act other than a superior officer;
(d) “Prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(e) “Railway property” includes any goods, money or valuable security, or animal, belonging to, or in the charge or possession of, a railway administration;
(f) “Superior officer” means any of the officers appointed under section 4 and includes any other officer appointed by the Central Government as a superior officer of the Force;
(g) Words and expressions used but not defined in this Act and defined in the Indian Railways Act, 1890, shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them under that Act.
Section 3. Constitution of the Force
(1) There shall be constituted and maintained by the Central Government a Force to be called the Railway Protection Force for the better protection and security of railway property.
(2) The Force shall be constituted in such manner, shall consist of such number of superior officers and members of the Force and shall receive such pay and other remuneration as may be prescribed.
Section 4. Appointment and powers of superior officers
(1) The Central Government may appoint a person to be the Inspector-General of the Force and may appoint other persons to be Chief Security Officers, Security Officers or Assistant Security Officers of the Force.
(2) The Inspector-General and every other superior officer so appointed shall possess and exercise such powers and authority over the members of the Force under their respective commands as is provided by or under this Act.
Section 5. Classes and ranks among members of the Force
There shall be the following classes of officers and other ranks among the members of the Force, who shall take rank in the order mentioned, namely.
A.Classes of officers——
(iii) Assistant Sub-Inspector.
B.Classes of other ranks——-
(i) Head Rakshak,
(ii) Senior Rakshak,
Section 6. Appointment of members of the Force
The appointment of members of the Force shall rest with the Chief Security Officers who shall exercise that power in accordance with rules made under this Act:
Provided that the power of appointment under this section may also be exercised by such other superior officer as the Chief Security Officer concerned may by order specify in this behalf.
Section 7. Certificates to members of the Force
(1) Every member of the Force shall receive on his appointment a certificate in the form specified in the Schedule, under the seal of the Chief Security Officer or such other superior officer as the Chief Security Officer may specify in this behalf, by virtue of which the person holding such certificate shall be vested with the powers of a member of the Force.
(2) Such certificate shall cease to have effect whenever the person named in it ceases for any reason to be a member of the Force, and, on his ceasing to be a member of the Force, shall be forthwith surrendered by him to any superior officer empowered to receive the same.
Section 8. Superintendence and administration of the Force
(1) The Superintendence of the Force shall vest in the Central Government, and subject thereto the administration of the Force shall vest in the Inspector-General and shall be carried on by him in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of any rules made thereunder.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), the administration of the Force within such local limits in relation to a railway as may be prescribed shall be carried on by the Chief Security Officer in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of any rules made thereunder, and he shall discharge his functions under the general supervision of the General Manager of the Railway.
Section 9. Dismissal, removal, etc. of the members of the Force
(1) Subject to the provisions of article 311 of the Constitution and to such rules as the Central Government may make under this Act, any superior officer may-
(i) Dismiss, suspend or reduce in rank any member of the Force whom he shall think remiss or negligent in the discharge of his duty, or unfit for the same; or
(ii) Award any one or more of the following punishments to any member of the Force who discharges his duty in a careless or negligent manner, or who by any act of his own renders himself unfit for the discharge thereof, namely.
(a) Fine to any amount nor exceeding seven days’ pay or reduction in pay scale;
(b) Confinement to quarters for a period not exceeding fourteen days with or without punishment, drill, extra guard, fatigue or other duty;
(c) Removal from any office of distinction or deprivation of any special emolument.
(2) Any member of the Force aggrieved by an order made under sub-section (1) may appeal against the order to such authority as may be prescribed, and the decision of the said authority thereon shall be final.
Section 10. Officers and members of the Force to be deemed to be railway servants
The Inspector-General and every other superior officer and every member of the Force shall for all purposes be regarded as railway servants within the meaning of the Indian Railways Act, 1890(9 of 1890), other than Chapter VIA thereof, and shall be entitled to exercise the powers conferred on railway servants by or under that Act.
Section 11. Duties of members of the Force
It shall be the duty of every superior officer and member of the Force-
(a) Promptly to execute all orders lawfully issued to him by his superior authority;
(b) To protect and safeguard railway property;
(c) To remove any obstruction in the movement of railway property; and
(d) To do any other act conducive to the better protection and security of railway property.
Section 12. Power arrest without warrant
Any superior officer or member of the Force may, without an order from a Magistrate and without a warrant, arrest-
(a) Any person who has been concerned in an offence relating to railway property punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding six months, or against whom a reasonable suspicion exists of his having been so concerned; or
(b) Any person found taking precautions to conceal his presence within railway limits under circumstances which afford reason to believe that he is taking such precautions with a view to committing theft of, or damage to, railway property.
Section 13. Power to search without warrant
(1) Whenever any superior officer, or any member of the Force, not below the rank of a Senior Rakshak, has reason to believe that any such offence as is referred to in section 12 has been or is being committed and that a search-warrant cannot be obtained without affording the offender an opportunity of escaping or of concealing evidence of the offence, he may detain him and search his person and belongings forthwith and, if he thinks proper, arrest any person whom he has reason to believe to have committed the offence.
(2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898(5 of 1898) relating to searches under that Code shall, so far as may be, apply to searches under this Section.
Section 14. Procedure to be followed after arrest
Any superior officer or member of the Force making an arrest under this Act, shall, without unnecessary delay, make over the person so arrested to a police officer, or, in the absence of a police officer take such person a cause him to be taken to the nearest police station.
Section 15. Officers and members of the Force to be considered always on duty and liable to be employed in any part of the Railways
(1) Every superior officer and member of the Force shall, for the purpose of this Act, be considered to be always on duty, and shall, at any time, be liable to be employed in any part of railways throughout India.
(2) No superior officer or member of the Force shall engage himself in any employment or office other than his duties under this Act.
Section 16. Responsibilities of members of the Force during suspension
A member of the Force shall not by reason of his suspension from office cease to be a member of the Force; and he shall, during that period, be subject to the same responsibilities, discipline and penalties to which he would have been subject if he were on duty.
Section 17. Penalties for neglect of duty, etc
(1) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in section 9, every member of the Force who shall be guilty of any violation of duty or wilful breach or neglect of any rule or regulation of lawful order made by a superior officer, or who shall withdraw from the duties of his office without permission, or who, being absent on leave, fails, without reasonable cause, to report himself for duty on the expiration of the leave, or who engages himself without authority in any employment other than his duty as a member of the Force, or who shall be guilty of cowardice, shall be liable, on conviction before a Magistrate, to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898(5 of 1898), an offence punishable under this section shall be cognizable.
Section 18. Application of Act 22 of 1922 to members of the Force
The Police (Incitement to Disaffection ) Act, 1922, shall apply to members of the Force as it applies to members of a police force.
Section 19. Certain Acts not to apply to members of the Force
Nothing contained in the Payment of Wages Act, 1936(4 of 1936), or the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947(14 of 1947), or the Factories Act, 1948(63 of 1948), shall apply to members of the Force.
Section 20. Protection of acts of members of the Force
(1) In any suit or proceeding against any superior officer or member of the Force for any act done by him in the discharge of his duties, it shall be lawful for him to plead that such act was done by him under the orders of a competent authority.
(2) Any such plea may be proved by the production of the order directing the act, and if it is so proved, the superior officer or member of the Force shall thereupon be discharged from any liability in respect of the act so done by him, notwithstanding any defect in the jurisdiction of the authority which issued such order.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, any legal proceeding, whether civil or criminal, which may lawfully be brought against any superior officer or member of the Force for anything done or intended to be done under the powers conferred by, or in pursuance of, any provision of this Act or the rules thereunder shall be commenced within three months after the act complained of shall have been committed and not otherwise; and notice in writing of such proceeding and of the cause thereof shall be given to the person concerned and his superior officer at least one month before the commencement of such proceeding.
Section 21. Power to make rules
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may provide for-
(a) Regulating the classes and grades and the pay and remuneration of superior officers and members of the Force and their conditions of service in the Force;
(b) Regulating the powers and duties of superior officers and members of the Force authorised to exercise any functions by or under this Act;
(c) Fixing the period of service for superior officers and members of the Force;
(d) Regulating the punishments and providing for appeals from, or the revision of, orders of punishment, or the remission of fines or other punishments;
(e) Any other matter which has to be, or may be, prescribed.
(3) All rules made under this section shall be laid for not less than thirty days before both Houses of Parliament as soon as possible after they are made and shall be subject to such modifications as Parliament may make during the session in which they are so laid or the session immediately following.
(See section 7)
A.B.has been appointed a member of the Railway Protection Force under the Railway Protection Force Act, 1957, and is vested with the powers, functions and privileges of a member of the Force.