67 of 1950
7th December, 1950.
STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS “With effect from the 1st Jan., 1950, the former Indian State of Cooch-Behar has been merged into, and constituted a district of, West Bengal, by the States’ Merger (West Bengal) Order, 1949. This merger, however, did not by itself effect any change in the body of laws to which the former Indian State of Cooch-Behar was subject before the commencement of the Order. Consequently, the laws in force in Cooch-Behar continue to be the same as before, that is, either the laws of the former State of Cooch-Behar or the laws applied by Orders made under the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947, after the date on which the administration was taken over and before the 1st January, 1950. This position is highly unsatisfactory and it is obviously desirable to assimilate the laws in force in Cooch-Behar to the laws in force in the rest of West Bengal. Hence, this Bill. 2. This Bill covers matters relating to the Union and Concurrent Lists. It is clear that a complete assimilation of laws can only be effected by simultaneous legislation by the Centre and the State of West Bengal. It is also desirable that the Central Act and the State Act should come into force on the same day. Necessary steps are being taken in this behalf and the Government of West Bengal will be requested to bring their corresponding legislation into force on the ‘appointed Day’.” -Gaz. of and. 12-8-1950, Part II S.2, p. 301.An Act to assimilate certain laws in force in Cooch-Behar to the laws in force in the rest of West Bengal. BE it enacted by Parliament as follows:-
In this Act,-
(a) “appointed day” means the date appointed under sub-section (2) of section 1-for the coming into force of this Act;
(b) “Cooch-Behar” means the merged territory of Cooch-Behar in the State of West Bengal;
(c) “law” means so much of any Act, Ordinance, Regulation, Rule, Order or Bye-law as relates to any of the matters enumerated in Lists I and III in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution.
3. Assimilation of laws
(1) Save as provided in sub-section (2), all laws which immediately before the appointed day extend to, or are in force in, the State of West Bengal, but do not extend to, or are not in force in, Cooch-Behar shall, as from that day, extend to, or as the case may be, come into force in, Cooch-Behar; and all laws which, immediately before the appointed day, are in force in Cooch-Behar, but not in the rest of West Bengal, shall on that day cease to be in force in Cooch-Behar, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before that day
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Muslim Personal Law(Shari at) Application Act, 1937 (XXVI of 1937) shall come into force in Cooch-Behar only on such date as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint; and Cooch-Behar Act 1 of 1897, known as the Muhammadan Inheritance Act, 1897, shall continue in force in Cooch-Behar until that date, and shall on that date cease to be in force except as respects things done or omitted to be done before that date
4. Provision for removal of difficulties
If any difficulty arises in relation to the transition undersection 3-from one law or group of laws to another law or group of laws, the Central Government may, by order notified in the Official Gazette, make such provision as it considers necessary for the removal of such difficulty.