[Act No. 12 of 1950]
[1st March 1950]
An Act to prevent the improper use of certain emblems and names for professional and commercial purposes
Be it enacted by Parliament as follows:
1. This Act has been extended to Goa , Daman and Diu by Reg. 12 of 1962 sec. 3 and Sch. to Pondicherry by Reg. 7 of 1963 sec. 3 and First Sch.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, –
(a) “Emblem” means any emblem, seal, flag, insignia, coat-of-arms or pictorial representation specified in the Schedule;
(b) “Competent authority” means any authority competent under any law for the time being in force to register any company, firm or other body of persons or any trademark or design or to grant a patent;
(c) “Name” includes any abbreviation of a name.
3. Prohibition of improper use of certain emblems and names
Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, no person shall, except in such cases and under such conditions as may be prescribed by the Central Government use, or continue to use, for the purpose of any trade, business, calling or profession, or in the title of any patent, or in any trade mark or design, any name or emblem specified in the Schedule or, any colourable imitation thereof without the previous permission of the Central Government or of such officer of Government as may be authorised in this behalf by the Central Government.
4. Prohibition of registration of certain companies, etc.
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, no competent authority shall,-
(a) Register any company, firm or other body of persons which bears any name, or
(b) Register a trade mark or design which bears any emblem or name, or
(c) Grant a patent in respect of an invention, which bears a title containing any emblem or name,
If the use of such name or emblem is in contravention of Section 3.
(2) If any question arises before a competent authority whether any emblem is an emblem specified in the Schedule or in colourable imitation thereof, the competent authority may refer the question to the Central Government, and the decision of the Central Government thereon shall be final.
Any person who contravenes the provisions of Section 3 shall be punishable with fine, which may extend to five hundred rupees.
6. Previous sanction for prosecution.
No prosecution for any offence punishable under this Act shall be instituted, except with the previous sanction of the Central Government or of any officer authorised in this behalf by general or special order of the Central Government.
Nothing in this Act shall exempt any person from any suit or other proceedings, which might, apart from this Act, be brought against him.
8. Power of the Central Government to amend the Schedule.
The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, add to or alter the Schedule, and any such addition or alteration shall have effect as if it had been made by this Act.
9. Power to make rules.
1[(1)] The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.
2[(2) Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.]
Section 9 re-numbered as sub-section (1) thereof by Act 4 of 1986, sec. 2 and Sch. (w.e.f. 15-5-1986).
2. Ins. by Act 4 of 1986, sec. 2 and Sch. (w.e.f. 15-5-1986).
10. THE SCHEDULE
[See sections 2 (a) and 3]
1. The name, emblem or official seal of the United Nations Organisation.
2. The name, emblem or official seal of the World Health Organisation.
3. The Indian National Flag.
1[4. The name, emblem or official seal of the Government of India or of any State, or any other insignia or coat-of-arms used by any such Government or by a Department of any such Government.]
2[5. The emblems of the St. John Ambulance Association (India), and the St. John Ambulance Brigade (India), consisting of the device of a white eight pointed cross embellished in the four principal angles 3[***], whether or not the device is surrounded or accompanied by concentric circles or other decoration or by lettering.]
4[6. The name, emblem or official seal of the President, Governor,5[***] 6[Sadar-i-Riyasat] or Republic or Union of India.]
47. Any name which may suggest or be calculated to suggest-
(i) the patronage of the Government of India or the Government of a State; or
(ii) connection with any local authority or any corporation or body constituted by the Government under any law for the time being in force.]
4[8. The name, emblem or official seal of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.]
7[9. The name, or pictorial representation of Rashtrapati, 8[***] Rashtrapati Bhavan, Raj Bhavan.]
9[9A. The name or pictorial representation of 10[Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj or] Mahatma Gandhi 11[or Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru], 12[Shrimati Indira Gandhi] or the Prime Minister of India 13[except the pictorial use thereof on calendars where only the name of the manufacturers and printers of the calendars are given and the calendars are not used for advertising goods].]
14[10. The medals, badges or decorations instituted by the Government from time to time or the miniatures or replicas of such medals, badges or decorations 15[or the names of such medals, badges or decorations or of the miniatures or replicas thereof].]
16[(11.) The name, emblem or official seal of the International Civil Aviation Organisation.]
17[12. The word “Interpol” which is an integral part of the International Criminal Police Organisation.]
18[13. The name, emblem or official seal of the World Meteorological Organisation.]
19[14. The name and emblem of the Tuberculosis Association of India.]
20[15. The name, emblem and official seal of the International Atomic Energy Agency.]
21[16. The names of “Ashoka Chakra” or “Dharma Chakra” or the pictorial representation of Ashoka Chakra as used in the Indian National Flag or in the official seal or emblem of the Government of India or of any State Government or of a Department of any such Government.]
22[17. The name of the Parliament or the legislature of any State, or the Supreme Court, or the High Court of any State, or, the Central Secretariat, or the secretariat of any State Government or any other Government office or the pictorial representation of any building occupied by any of the aforesaid institutions.]
23[18. The name and emblem of the Rama Krishna Math and Mission consisting of a swan floating on water, with a lotus in the foreground and the rising sun in the background, the whole being encircled by a wild serpent (facing right) with the words superimposed on the bottom portion.]
24[19. The name and emblems of Sri Sarada Math and Ram Krishna Sarada Mission consisting of a swan (facing right) floating on waters, with a lotus in the foreground and the rising sun in the background, the whole being encircled by a wild serpent (facing right) with the words superimposed on the bottom portion.]
25[20. The name of “The Bharat Scouts and Guides” with its emblem.]
26[21. The name and emblem of the International Olympic Committee consisting of five inter-laced rings.]
27[22. The name and the emblem of the National Youth Emblem which is in black and white and carries profiles of the faces of two onward looking young persons-male and female-inscribed within a circle. Both faces are turning towards the right and the profile of the male face is in black and is situated behind that of the female face. The back of profile of the female face forms the tail and wing of a dove flying in the opposite direction with its beak extending outside the circle and carrying a twig with leaf. The profile of the dove is in white and the balance space of the profile of the female face is covered with horizontal lines in black. The space between the black profile of the male face and the circle is also covered by horizontal lines in black. The space in between the profile of the dove and the circle to the left of the dove is also in black. The leaf and twig is in black. One eye of the dove is shown in the form of a dot.
28[(23) 29[The name and the emblem] of the ‘auroville’ consisting of two concentric circles; the inner circle is joint to the other circle with five equidistant radial lines to form five petals one of the radial line is oriented vertically down wards. An inner dot is placed at the center of the symbol. The petals may be shaded in orange or any other colour or may be unshaded.]
30[24. The name of Sri Sathya Sai Central Trust and its two emblems described below:-
(i) In the middle, it has a lotus flame that is spreading light of goodwill in all directions. Five universal human values-Truth, Right Conduct, Peace, Love and Non-violence are placed in the outer circle. These are universal values that are common to all faiths and beliefs. The emblem has no specific colour stipulation.
(ii) This emblem is a Sarvadharma (multi-religious) Symbol and equality of all religions symbol. It depicts symbols of major world religions-Om-in Sanskrit/ Devnagri (Hinduism and Sikhism), Cross (Christianity), Crescent and Star (Islam), Fire (Zoroastrianism), and Wheel (Dharma Chakra revered by Buddhists and Jains). All signs are placed in a circle signifying their equality. In the middle circle, there is a Lotus Flame that signified Purity, Virtue and Character. This emblem is used in various colours and no specific colour is officially notified.]
31[25. The name of “Sri Sathya Sai”.]
1. Sub. by S.R.O. 1230, dated 4th June, 1955 .
2. Added by S.R.O. 561, dated 20th March, 1952.
3. The words “alternatively with a lion passant quadrant and a unicome passant” omitted by S.O. 2135, dated 12th August, 1972 .
4. Added by S.R.O. 1230, dated 4th June, 1955.
5. The word “Rajpramukh” omitted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 3) Order, 1956.
6. Added by S.R.O. 2011, dated 7th September, 1955
7. Ins. by S.R.O. 2011, dated 7th September, 1955.
8. The words “Rashtra Bhavan” omitted by S.O. 1916, dated 30th July, 1960 .
9. Added by S.O. 416, dated 14th February, 1959.
10. Ins. by S.O. 1120, dated 16th March, 1968.
11. Ins. by S.O. 4116, dated 30th November, 1964.
12. Ins. by S.O. 239 (E), dated 27th March, 1985.
13. Added by S.O. 2668, dated 10th September, 1963.
14. Ins. by S.R.O. 525, dated 23rd February, 1956.
15. Added by S.R.O. 1862, dated 17th August, 1956.
16. Added by S.R.O. 2906, dated 4th September, 1957.
17. Added by S.O. 1429, dated 19th June, 1959.
18. Added by S.O. 1544, dated 6th July, 1959.
19. Added by S.O. 1605, dated 13th July, 1959.
20. Added by S.O. 2438, dated 7th October,1961.
21. Added by S.O. 671, dated 18th February, 1964.
22. Added by S.O. 3760, dated 24th October, 1964.
23. Added by S.O. 2356, dated 4th August 1973 .
24. Added by S.O. 2697, dated 11th September, 1973.
25. Added by S.O. 1841, dated 10th July, 1974.
26. Added by S.O. 2457, dated 18th August, 1978.
27. Ins. by S.O. 373 (E), dated 23rd June, 1986.
28. Ins. By S.O. 593 (3) dated 22nd July 1999 .
29. Subs. By S.O. 276 (E) dated 28th March 2000 published in the Gazette of India Extra., Pt. II Sec. 3 (ii) dated 28th March 2000 .
30. Ins. by S.O. 77 (E) dated 15th January 2004 published in the Gazette of India Extra., Pt. II Sec. 3 (ii) dated 15th January 2004 .
31. Ins. By S.O. 578 (E) dated 14th May 2004 , published in the Gazette of India Extra., Pt. II, Sec. 3 (ii) dated 14th May 2004 .