Labour Laws Act 1988

1. SHORT TITLE AND COMMENCEMENT. -

(1) This Act may be called the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act, 1988.

(2) It extends to the whole of India :

Provided that nothing contained in this Act, in relation to the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951) shall extend to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different States, and any reference in any provision of this Act to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force that provision in that State.

2. DEFINITIONS. -

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, –

(a) “employer”, in relation to a Scheduled Act, which defines such expression, has the same meaning assigned to it in that Act, and in relation to any other Scheduled Act, means the person who is required to furnish returns or maintain registers under that Act;

(b) “establishment” has the meaning assigned to it in a Scheduled Act, and includes, –

(i) an “industrial or other establishment” as defined in Section 2 of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936);

(ii) a “factory” as defined in Section 2 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948);

(iii) a factory, workshop or place where employees are employed or work is given out to workers, in any scheduled employment to which the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (11 of 1948), applies;

(iv) a “plantation” as defined in Section 2 of the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951); and

(v) a “newspaper establishment” as defined in Section 2 of the Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955 (45 of 1955);

(c) “Form” means a Form annexed to this Act;

(d) “Scheduled Act” means as Act specified in the Schedule and is in force on the commencement of this Act in the territories to which such Act extends generally, and includes the rules made thereunder;

(e) “small establishment” means an establishment in which not less than ten and not more nineteen persons are employed or were employed on any day of the preceding twelve months;

(f) “very small establishment” means an establishment in which not more than nine persons are employed or were employed on any day of the preceding twelve months.

3. AMENDMENT OF CERTAIN LABOUR LAWS. -

On and from the commencement of this Act, the Scheduled Acts shall have effect subject to the provisions of this Act.

4. EXEMPTION FROM RETURNS AND REGISTERS REQUIRED UNDER CERTAIN LABOUR LAWS. -

(1) On and from the commencement of this Act it shall not be necessary for an employer in relation to any small establishment or very small establishment to which a Scheduled Act applies to furnish the returns or to maintain the registers required to be furnished or maintained under that Scheduled Act : Provided that such employer, –

(a) furnishes, in lieu of such returns, a Core Return in Form A;

(b) maintains, in lieu of such registers, –

(i) registers in Form B, Form C, and Form D, in the case of small establishments; and

(ii) registers in Form D and Form E, in the case of very small establishments :

Provided further that every such employer shall continue to – (a) issue wages slips in the Form prescribed in the Minimum Wages (Central) Rules, 1950 made under Sections 18 and 30 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (11 of 1948) and slips relating to measurement of the amount of work done by piece-rated workers required to be issued under the Payment of Wages (Mines) Rules, 1956 made under Sections 13-A and 26 of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936); and

(b) file returns relating to accidents under Sections 88 and 88-A of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948) and Sections 32-A and 32- B of the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951).

(2) Save as provided in sub-section (1), all other provisions of a Scheduled Act, including in particular, the inspection of the registers by, and furnishing of their copies to, the authorities under that Act, shall apply to the returns and registers required to be furnished or maintained under this Act as they apply to the returns and registers under that Scheduled Act.

(3) Where an employer in relation to a small establishment or very small establishment to which a Scheduled Act applies, furnishes returns or maintains the registers as provided in the proviso to sub-section (1), nothing contained in that Scheduled Act shall render him liable to any penalty for his failure to furnish any return or to maintain any register under that Scheduled Act.

5. SAVINGS. -

The commencement of this Act shall not affect, –

(a) the previous operation of any provision of any Scheduled Act or the validity, invalidity, effect or consequence of anything done or suffered under that provision, before the relevant period;

(b) any right, privilege, obligation or liability already acquired, accrued or incurred under any Scheduled Act, before the relevant period;

(c) any penalty, forfeiture, or punishment incurred or inflicted in respect of any offence committed under any Scheduled Act, before the relevant period;

(d) any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment aforesaid; and any such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment shall be instituted, continued or disposed of, as the case may be, in accordance with that Scheduled Act.

Explanation : For the purpose of this section, the expression “relevant period” means the period during which an establishment is or was a small establishment or a very small establishment under this Act.

6. PENALTY. -

Any employer who fails to comply with the provisions of this Act, shall, on conviction, be punishable –

(a) in the case of the first conviction, with fine which may extend to rupees five thousand; and

(b) in the case of any second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment for a period which shall not be less than one month but which may extend to six months or with fine which shall not be less than rupees ten thousand but may extend to rupees twenty- five thousand, or with both.

7. POWER TO AMEND FORM. -

(1) The Central Government may, if it is of opinion that it is expedient so to do, by notification in the Official Gazette amend any Form and thereupon such Form shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be deemed to have been amended accordingly.

(2) Any notification issued under sub-section (1) shall be laid before each House of Parliament, if it is sitting as soon as may be after the issue of the notification, and if it is not sitting, within seven days of its re-assembly and the Central Government shall seek the approval of Parliament to the notification by a resolution moved within a period of fifteen days beginning with the day on which the notification is so laid before the House of the People, and if Parliament makes any modification in the notification or directs that the notification should cease to have effect, the notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be, but without prejudice to have validity of anything previously done thereunder.

8. POWER TO REMOVE DIFFICULTIES. -

If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, remove the difficulty : Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of two years from the date on which this Act receives the assent of the President.

FIRST SCHEDULE

[See Sec. 2 (d)]

1. The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936).

2. The Weekly Holidays, Act, 1942 (18 of 1942)

3. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (11 of 1948).

4. The Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948).

5. The Plantation Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951).

6. The Working Journalist and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955 (45 of 1955).

7. The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 (37 of 1970).

8. The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976 (11 of 1976).

9. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976).

SECOND SCHEDULE

[See Sec. 2 (c)]

FORM A

[See Sec. 4 (1) proviso (a)]

Core Return

Return for the year ending 31st December

(To be furnished on or before the 15th February of the succeeding year by small establishments and very small establishments)

1.

(a) Name and postal address of the establishment.

(b) Name and residential address to the employer.

(c) Name and residential address of the Manager or person responsible for supervision and control of the establishment.

(d) Name of the principal employer In the case of a contractor’s establishment.

(e) Date of commencement of the establishment.

Nature of Operation/Industry/Work carried on

2.

(a) Number of days worked during the year.

(b) Number of man-days worked during the year.

(c) Daily hours of work.

(d) Day of weekly holiday.

3.

(a) Average number of persons employed during the year.

(i) Males.

(ii) Females.

(iii) Adolescents (those who have completed 14 years but have not completed 18 years of age).

(iv) Children (those who have not completed 14 years of age).

(b) Maximum number of workers employed on any day during the year.

(c) Number of workers discharged, dismissed, retrenched or whose services were terminated during the year.

4. Rates of wages – category-wise.

(1) Males

(2) Females

(3) Adolescents

(4) Children.

5. Gross wages paid

(a) In cash.

(b) In kind.

6. Deductions

(a) Fines.

(b) Deductions for damage or loss.

(c) Other deductions.

7. Number of workers who were granted leave with wages during the year.

8. Nature of welfare amenities provided: Statutory (specify the Statute).

9. Does the establishment carry out any hazardous process or dangerous operation coming within the meaning of the Factories Act, 1948, if so, give particulars.

10. Number of accidents

(a) Fatal.

(b) Non-fatal.

11. Nature of safety measures provided as required under the Factories Act, 1948.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………

Place…………..

FORM B

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Register of wages required to be maintained by small establishments

(To be maintained within seven days of the expiry of the wage period)

Name of establishment…………… Name and address of employee……………

Address (Local)…………………. Name of work…………………………….

(Permanent)……………………… Wage

period………………………………

Wages earned

Sl Nr Name of the employee Sex Desig
nation
Classification Whether permanent/temporary/ Casual/part-time or worked Father’s or husband name Total Days/ no. of unit Basic allowance
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

 

Wage Statutory Minimum rate Dearness Over-time Actual Bonus Gratuity Or ex-gratia Maternity benefits Any other allowance Total amount Advance
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

 

Fine due to damage or loss by neglect or default Provident fund Employees state Insurance Other deductions indicating the nature Total dedu
ctions
Net amount payable Sign or thumb impression of employee with date Sign of Insp
ector with date
Employees contribution Employees contribution
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

NOTES:

1. In case of deduction of any advance taken by an employee, the employer shall also indicate therein the number of instalments paid/total instalments paid/total instalments by which advance is to be repaid such as “5/20,6/20”, etc. The purpose of advance shall also be mentioned in the Remarks column.

2. In case of imposition of fines or deduction for damage or loss, the specific act or omission for which the penalty has been imposed has to be indicated in the Remarks column. A certificate shall also be recorded in the said column to the effect that an opportunity to show cause was given to the employee concerned before imposition of fine or deduction.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………….

Place………………

FORM C

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Muster Roll to be maintained by small establishments

Name of establishment ……………………….. Name and address of the employer

Address (Local)……………………………….…………………………………

(Permanent)…………………………………..Wageperiod……………………

Serial Number Name of the employee Date of employment Permanent address Age or date of birth Father’s husband’s name For the period ending… Number of units of work done during
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Total attendance Total overtime worked Total production in case of piecerated workers Compensatory rest Signature of with date Remarks
Brought Inspector forward from previous wage period Given during the wage period
8 9 10 11 12 13 14

NOTES:

1. In the case of daily-rated workers, the extent of overtime done on each occasion has to be reflected against each concerned date, such as, “P/I” meaning “Present with one hour’s overtime”, “P/1-2” meaning “Present with one and a half hour’s overtime”, and so on.

2. The number of units of work done by a piece-rated worker has to be noted for each day in the Register. In case of employment of any child/adolescent, the employer shall indicate the hours worked each day with intervals of rest.

3. The Compensatory Test availed by the worker has to be marked in the Register in red ink as “CR”.

4. Column 7 to be filled up on each working day and the remaining columns to be completed within seven days of the expiry of the wage period.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………..

Place………………

FORM D

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Monthly register showing welfare amenities to be maintained by small establishments

Name and address of the Address of the establishment: For the month of … Employer ……………… Local/Permanent

Serial Number Name of the employee Sex Desig
nation
Weekly day of rest Dates of holidays for festival or similar other occasions No. of casual leave availed by the employee Quantum of annual leave with wages
Due Availed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

 

Whether Welfare Amenities provided for Whether Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe, Handicapped or any other particular category Signature of the employer or his agent Remarks of the Inspecting Officer Signature of Inspector with date
Rest room Drinking water First aid
10 11 12 13 14 15 16

NOTE :

To be completed within seven days of the expiry of each calendar month.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date…………………

Place………………..

FORM E

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (ii)]

Monthly register of muster roll-cum-wages required to be maintained by very small establishments

Year……………

Month or………

Wage period…….

(Where different……

Name of establishment…………………….

Name of employee………………………. Father’ name………..

Nature of work………………………….. Rate of wages……..

Wage period………………………….. Date of employment…..

Date Hours of work Interval for Rest and Meal Hours worked with the employer Overtime Casual or sicknees leave availed during the month/ wage period
From To From To Hours worked Wages earned
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

 

 

 

Privilege leave Signature of them employer Remarks of the employer Remuneration
Leave due Leave availed Balance Basic salary or wage Overtime allowances, if any Other Total
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

 

Deductions Net Amount of payment Date of pay
ment
Sign or thumb impression of the employee Sign of Inspector with remarks, if any, and date.
Fines and deductions on account of damage or loss by neglect or default Other dedu
ctions
Advance paid if any
Date Amount Total
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

NOTE :

Columns 1 to 12 be filled up on each working day and the remaining columns to be completed within seven days of the expiry of the wage period.

Date……………………

Place…………………..

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

SECOND SCHEDULE

[See Sec. 2 (c)]

FORM A

[See Sec. 4 (1) proviso (a)]

Core Return

Return for the year ending 31st December

(To be furnished on or before the 15th February of the succeeding year by small establishments and very small establishments)

1.

(a) Name and postal address of the establishment.

(b) Name and residential address to the employer.

(c) Name and residential address of the Manager or person responsible for supervision and control of the establishment.

(d) Name of the principal employer In the case of a contractor’s establishment.

(e) Date of commencement of the establishment.

Nature of Operation/Industry/Work carried on

2.

(a) Number of days worked during the year.

(b) Number of man-days worked during the year.

(c) Daily hours of work.

(d) Day of weekly holiday.

3.

(a) Average number of persons employed during the year.

(i) Males.

(ii) Females.

(iii) Adolescents (those who have completed 14 years but have not completed 18 years of age).

(iv) Children (those who have not completed 14 years of age).

(b) Maximum number of workers employed on any day during the year.

(c) Number of workers discharged, dismissed, retrenched or whose services were terminated during the year.

4. Rates of wages – category-wise.

(1) Males

(2) Females

(3) Adolescents

(4) Children.

5. Gross wages paid

(a) In cash.

(b) In kind.

6. Deductions

(a) Fines.

(b) Deductions for damage or loss.

(c) Other deductions.

7. Number of workers who were granted leave with wages during the year.

8. Nature of welfare amenities provided: Statutory (specify the Statute).

9. Does the establishment carry out any hazardous process or dangerous operation coming within the meaning of the Factories Act, 1948, if so, give particulars.

10. Number of accidents

(a) Fatal.

(b) Non-fatal.

11. Nature of safety measures provided as required under the Factories Act, 1948.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………

Place…………..

FORM B

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Register of wages required to be maintained by small establishments

(To be maintained within seven days of the expiry of the wage period)

Name of establishment…………… Name and address of employee……………

Address (Local)…………………. Name of work…………………………….

(Permanent)……………………… Wage

period………………………………

Wages earned

Sl Nr Name of the employee Sex Desig
nation
Classification Whether permanent/temporary/ Casual/part-time or worked Father’s or husband name Total Days/ no. of unit Basic allowance
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

 

Wage Statutory Minimum rate Dearness Over-time Actual Bonus Gratuity Or ex-gratia Maternity benefits Any other allowance Total amount Advance
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

 

Fine due to damage or loss by neglect or default Provident fund Employees state Insurance Other deductions indicating the nature Total dedu
ctions
Net amount payable Sign or thumb impression of employee with date Sign of Insp
ector with date
Employees contribution Employees contribution
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

NOTES:

1. In case of deduction of any advance taken by an employee, the employer shall also indicate therein the number of instalments paid/total instalments paid/total instalments by which advance is to be repaid such as “5/20,6/20”, etc. The purpose of advance shall also be mentioned in the Remarks column.

2. In case of imposition of fines or deduction for damage or loss, the specific act or omission for which the penalty has been imposed has to be indicated in the Remarks column. A certificate shall also be recorded in the said column to the effect that an opportunity to show cause was given to the employee concerned before imposition of fine or deduction.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………….

Place………………

FORM C

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Muster Roll to be maintained by small establishments

Name of establishment ……………………….. Name and address of the employer

Address (Local)……………………………….…………………………………

(Permanent)…………………………………..Wageperiod……………………

Serial Number Name of the employee Date of employment Permanent address Age or date of birth Father’s husband’s name For the period ending… Number of units of work done during
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

 

Total attendance Total overtime worked Total production in case of piecerated workers Compensatory rest Signature of with date Remarks
Brought Inspector forward from previous wage period Given during the wage period
8 9 10 11 12 13 14

NOTES:

1. In the case of daily-rated workers, the extent of overtime done on each occasion has to be reflected against each concerned date, such as, “P/I” meaning “Present with one hour’s overtime”, “P/1-2” meaning “Present with one and a half hour’s overtime”, and so on.

2. The number of units of work done by a piece-rated worker has to be noted for each day in the Register. In case of employment of any child/adolescent, the employer shall indicate the hours worked each day with intervals of rest.

3. The Compensatory Test availed by the worker has to be marked in the Register in red ink as “CR”.

4. Column 7 to be filled up on each working day and the remaining columns to be completed within seven days of the expiry of the wage period.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date……………..

Place………………

FORM D

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (i)]

Monthly register showing welfare amenities to be maintained by small establishments

Name and address of the Address of the establishment: For the month of … Employer ……………… Local/Permanent

Serial Number Name of the employee Sex Desig
nation
Weekly day of rest Dates of holidays for festival or similar other occasions No. of casual leave availed by the employee Quantum of annual leave with wages
Due Availed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

 

Whether Welfare Amenities provided for Whether Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe, Handicapped or any other particular category Signature of the employer or his agent Remarks of the Inspecting Officer Signature of Inspector with date
Rest room Drinking water First aid
10 11 12 13 14 15 16

NOTE :

To be completed within seven days of the expiry of each calendar month.

Signature of the employer with full name in capitals.

Date…………………

Place………………..

FORM E

[See Sec. 4(l) proviso (b) (ii)]

Monthly register of muster roll-cum-wages required to be maintained by very small establishments

Year……………

Month or………

Wage period…….

(Where different……

Name of establishment…………………….

Name of employee………………………. Father’ name………..

Nature of work………………………….. Rate of wages……..

Wage period………………………….. Date of employment…..

Date Hours of work Interval for Rest and Meal Hours worked with the employer Overtime Casual or sicknees leave availed during the month/ wage period
From To From To Hours worked Wages earned
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

 

Privilege leave Signature of them employer Remarks of the employer Remuneration
Leave due Leave availed Balance Basic salary or wage Overtime allowances, if any Other Total
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

 

Deductions Net Amount of payment Date of pay
ment
Sign or thumb impression of the employee Sign of Inspector with remarks, if any, and date.
Fines and deductions on account of damage or loss by neglect or default Other dedu
ctions
Advance paid if any
Date Amount Total

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